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Donald Trump on Immigration

Trump Threatened Thousands of Children and Young Adults in His Failed Attempt to Terminate DACA. In 2017, Trump moved (1) to terminate the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (2) (DACA) Program, which has protected nearly 700,000 (3) young adults who were brought to the U.S. as children (avg. age 7) (4), who became threatened with the prospect of being deported back to countries they hardly know. The Supreme Court reversed (5) Trump's decision, ruling (6) that it was "arbitrary and capricious, violated the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) and infringed upon the equal protection guarantee of the Fifth Amendment". 

The Trump Administration's Zero-Tolerance Policy Has Separated Thousands of Migrant Families. Trump's 2018 “zero-tolerance”  (7) immigration policy seeks to boost the criminal prosecution of people caught entering the U.S. illegally, and has led to the criminal prosecution of unauthorized immigrant parents traveling with their children, and the separation of more than 2,800 (8) migrant families that crossed the southern border. After intense bipartisan criticism (9), Trump eventually agreed to sign an executive order (10) to stop family separations in June 2018, yet these separations continued (11) for two more years after the Trump administration claimed they ended.

Trump’s “Remain in Mexico” Policy Violates U.S. and International Human Rights Laws and Has Created a Humanitarian Crisis. The Trump Administration made it harder (12) for migrants fleeing violence to gain asylum in the U.S. by implementing Migrant Protection Protocols (13), which force Central Americans seeking asylum to return to Mexico for an indefinite amount of time while their claims are processed. This “remain in Mexico” policy violates (14) U.S. and international law, puts asylum seekers in further danger, and has sent more than 60,000 migrants (15) back to Mexico, where they are forced to live in dangerous regions of Mexico in makeshift encampments, must rely on volunteers for basic necessities, are vulnerable to criminal gangs, and have very little means to handle major public health crises. Nonetheless the Trump Administration announced (16) that it would be turning back all asylum seekers along the southern border in the midst of the pandemic, and postponed (17) all immigration court hearings for migrants waiting in Mexico. 

Trump Cuts Off Millions in Aid to Central American Countries, Exacerbating the Violence and Poverty that is Pushing Migrants to the U.S 
The sharp rise in the number of Central American families seeking asylum in the U.S. has led to what Customs and Border Protection calls (18) a “humanitarian and national security border crisis”, with most asylum-seekers coming from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras (19) -- countries that are plagued with with violence and a lack of economic opportunity. And rather than helping these countries improve their security, economies, or judicial systems (and thus encouraging more people to stay there), Trump cut off $450 million (20) in aid to these countries, claiming (21) that their governments were stealing the money. 

Trump's Travel Ban Targets Muslim Immigrants and Generates Global Confusion. A week after he took office in January 2017,  Trump released an executive order (22) that denied visas to citizens of seven (23) countries with majority-Muslim populations, following Trump’s promise to bring about a “total and complete shutdown of Muslims entering the United States” (24), This move led (25) to legal confusion and protests worldwide. Trump soon expanded (26) the travel ban to also limit the entry of citizens from Myanmar, Eritrea, Kyrgyzstan, Sudan, Tanzania and Nigeria, but the House Judiciary Committee voted (27) to terminate this expanded ban, and to restrict (28) presidential authority to issue such measures in the future. 

Trump's Controversial "Wealth Test" (29) Policy Denies Residency and Essential Services to Low-Income Immigrants. This says (30) migrants who are likely to require certain amounts of government welfare should not be awarded legal residency, and rules that recipients of certain forms of healthcare, food aid, and housing subsidies can also be turned down on the basis that they are “a public charge”. The Migration Policy Institute found that almost two-thirds (31) of migrants who qualified for legal U.S. residency between 2012 and 2014 would NOT have qualified if these rules had been in place then.